If you want to know how to keep rats away, then you should know what rats like, and do not like. Rats are very cunning creatures, and aside from the fact that they bite, these rats can also carry deadly microbes that cause diseases such as leptospirosis, salmonella, and rat bite fever.
Since rats can cause health problems when it bites, and when it contaminates food items, or food preparation areas, your first prerogative must either be to kill it or to keep it away from your home. If you want to focus on keeping rats away, then you need to know why they are there in the first place.
Discovering how you can effectively keep rats away is very important not just for the sake of protecting your home and family against rats. But also because the things that it entails is also important when it comes to keeping your family health, and in keeping other harmful vermin, or insects away.
I highly recommend that you use a vacuum and a mop for the cleaning tools, but if you do not have any, you can use simple tools like a broom, feather dusters, and soft clean rags to clean. You should also consider getting a lot of garbage bags so you can easily throw away the trash.
You can use commercial cleaning solutions, especially ones that can properly clean the type of floor that you have. You should also consider buying specific products to clean the bathroom, the kitchen sink, and your appliances. You can also use equal parts of vinegar, and baking soda to clean and disinfect surfaces.
Peppermint oil is known to scare rats away simply because they find the smell offensive. If you do not have it, I highly recommend that you use bathroom cakes instead. You can also use mint or ammonia, if you have difficulties in getting your hands on the previous materials needed.
You can use huge plastic containers that you can buy at the hardware store, these will be used to store food items and other perishables. If you do not have any, you can re-use empty paint tubs, and Tupperware containers for as long as they have air-tight covers.
You will need cement as well as a few basic masonry tool. If you do not have any, you can replace with plaster of Paris, or with grout. You can also use adhesives and pieces of plastic. If your home is made mostly out of wood, then you will need wood planks and basic carpentry tools.
Step 1: Clean Your House As Thoroughly As Possible
Keep in mind that rats are attracted to anything pungent such as rotten food inside trash, trash piles in your home, and even caked-on or stubborn food stains in the oven. This is why you should use the cleaning tools to give your house, especially the rat infested areas, with a good amount of cleaning.
Give some of your cleaning time to get rid of the clutter, and throw away or donate old appliances, clothes, and items to lessen the rodent’s hiding spots. Focus also on getting rid of garbage or in putting them inside sealed garbage bags. Remove sauces, food debris, on kitchen floors, or behind appliances.
Step 2: Disinfect Your Home
A good way to top off your deep cleaning efforts is to make sure that you disinfect surfaces in your home. Aside from getting rid of harmful microbes that might have been brought inside by the rats, it can also help you get rid of unwanted odors that will keep attracting the rats.
Step 3: Add Peppermint Oil On Important Areas
Put drops of peppermint oil on cotton balls, and place these cotton balls near holes that the rats frequently use. You should also consider putting them inside nests, and in areas that the rats frequently use to travel in and around your house. For a potent effect, soak a rag in the oil for a stronger odor.
Step 4: Storing Food Items Properly
Make your home less attractive to rats by keeping food items, especially those that have a pungent or sweet aroma in airtight containers. Even if they are stored in the refrigerator or pantry, you should still cover them up when not in use. Pet food should also be kept this way especially if you buy in bulk.
The same thing also goes for leftover food, they should not be left on the table. You can use mason jars for dried pasta, and for other ingredients that you have to store for later use. Transfer ingredients carefully and avoid leaving behind opened boxes.
Step 5: Sealing-Off Your Home From Rats
The next thing you want to do is to make sure that you cement holes and cracks where the rats can easily pass through. You need to use cement or something that hardens so that the rats will not be able to remove it easily. You can use wood to fix problem areas, or use a wire mesh on possible entry points.
Keeping rats away is a matter of making your home less attractive to them by keeping it clean and sanitized. You should also hide items that can interest them in airtight containers. Also, you should try to purge rats out of your house first with peppermint oil before you start sealing the entry points.
My name is Emily Taylor, gardening is my passion and I’m looking forward to sharing it with everyone. I know that there are millions of people out there want their backyard and garden be attractive just like their front yard, so I am here to help you create your own backyard paradise.