The bed bugs are from the Cimicidae family, a group of small parasitic insects that feed on the blood of humans and animals. The household bed bug (Cimex lectularius) is found all over the world. They can typically adapt to human environments and prefer living in temperate climates. The most common thought of bed bugs is that they have wings, and they can fly. This article will determine if that notion about bed bugs is true.
Do Bed Bugs Have Wings? Redefining The Idea
Bed Bugs’ Appearances And Characteristics
Adult bed bugs are light brown to reddish-brown. They are oval-shaped and have no back wings. Although they have front wings, they generally cannot fly. Bed bugs’ wings are becoming vestigial, meaning they have lost their ability to fly, but evolution has still retained the structure during the process.
An adult bed bug has segmented abdomens, and the banded appearance is caused by microscopic hairs. They can grow 4 to 5 mm long and 1.5 to 3 mm wide.
Bed bug nymphs are translucent and lighter in color. They start becoming browner as they are molting until they reach maturity. After feeding on blood, the sprite will be bright red and translucent. Bed bug nymphs will become browner over the next few hours and then turn black for the next two days of digestion.
When crushed, the bed bug emits a disagreeable odor. Bed bugs are not capable of flight, but they do have wings. They are also not capable of jumping over long distances. Bed bugs generally move from host to host by crawling.
Human hosts are the primary preference of a typical bed bug. They do not prefer pets or any other furry animals. Bed bugs are attracted to carbon dioxide, which is emitted by human hosts. They are also attracted to the warmth of humans, which is perfect for hatching their eggs. The human’s face, neck, back, arms, and legs are the most common area in the human body where bed bugs prefer to bite.
Bed bugs use their piercing-sucking mouthparts to suck blood from their host. They inject saliva with anticoagulants and painkillers so human hosts cannot feel the pain of being bitten, and the only sign left behind is no red spot but swelling. Red spots only happen when a group of bed bugs feeds on a small area.
The survivability of bed bugs is very high. They can live up to 1 year without feeding under excellent conditions. Adult bed bugs can survive up to 5 months without food. Bed bugs usually feed at five to 10-day intervals. The nymphs cannot persist that long, but newly hatched larvae can last weeks without sucking the host’s blood.
Where Are Bed Bugs Found?
Mattresses, box springs, and folded areas are the most common areas where bed bugs can hide. They prefer to hide in small cracks and crevices of our houses. You might as well find them in places like picture frames, electrical switch plates, upholstery, and behind baseboards or wallpapers. They can live temporarily on habitats such as seats of cars, buses, and trains.
Today, bed bugs are found in different places, including family houses, apartments, office buildings, hotels, schools, and hospitals. They can also be noticed in movie theatres, clothing stores, and public or private transportations.
How Do Bed Bugs Spread?
Bed bugs are one of the best in hitchhiking. They are transported through people’s clothes and luggage. Due to its size, it can easily fit into boxes and shoes and be transported to different parts of the world. They are easily spread by travelers because they can easily crawl to their suitcases and be transported anywhere they wish to be dropped off.
Once bed bugs are inside your house, they can quickly spread and can be very difficult to control without help from a pest specialist. It is best to prevent bed bugs from entering your home rather than curing your house of their infestation.
How To Avoid Bed Bugs
- Wash and dry bed linens on the hottest temperature permitted to eradicate bed bugs and their eggs that might be laid.
- Inspect furniture, shoes, pillows, and other things closely before bringing it home. These might be a source of bed bugs.
- After trips, service calls, or overnight guests, it is good to check if any bed bugs were being spread or carried by people who stopped by.
- Vacuuming regularly will help prevent bed bugs. Carpets and upholstered furniture are some of the best hiding spots for bed bugs.
The household bed bug has a front wing, but the branch is vestigial, which means no use. Bed bugs depend on blood as their food source. Humans’ hands, neck, face, back, legs, and arms are the most common areas bitten by bed bugs.