What do turtles eat?

Pig-nose turtles are opportunistic omnivores, with herbivorous tendencies. Their principal food is the fruits of shoreline trees, although they also eat their leaves and flowers as well as algae and other submergent plants. Animal foods include insect larvae, mollusks, and crustaceans. Fish and mammals are also eaten, but probably as carrion.

What do Australo-American sideneck turtles eat?

Most species are omnivorous to totally carnivorous; however, the adult Elseya dentata may be completely herbivorous. Many diverse adaptations for specialized feeding are found in this family. The snakeneck turtles of Australia and South America have developed very similar modes of prey capture. Both groups have independently evolved a long neck that is adapted for striking at prey while suspended in the water column. The negative pressure generated by the rapid expansion of the mouth and neck pulls the head toward the prey while simultaneously pulling the prey item into the turtle’s open jaws. Matamatas lie in wait on the murky bottom of their aquatic habitat and use a gape-and-suck method similar to that of the snakeneck turtles to capture their prey. Alternatively, some Australian chelids are specialized for feeding on mollusks. As they age, macrocephalic females of the genus Emydura develop enormous skulls that provide the force required for crushing larger prey.


What do Gibba turtle eat?

The natural diet may be omnivorous; however, in captivity it is primarily carnivorous, feeding on small fish, frogs, and worms.

What do Matamata eat?

This carnivorous turtle feeds mainly on small fishes. The matamata lies in wait at the murky bottom of its aquatic habitat where fish may be attracted to the fringelike skin on its head. After locating the fish via vibrational cues detected by the skin and enlarged tympana, it uses a gape-and-suck method to violently draw the prey and a large volume of water into the mouth. The water is then expelled and the fish swallowed.

What do Common snakeneck turtle eat?

This species is an opportunistic carnivore, mostly feeding on aquatic invertebrates, fish, tadpoles, and crustaceans. It may also feed upon terrestrial insects and carrion if available.

What do Western swamp turtle eat?

This species is carnivorous, feeding on tadpoles, crustaceans, and the adults and larvae of aquatic insects.

What do Seaturtles eat?

All but one species of seaturtles are primarily carnivorous, feeding on sponges, mollusks, crustaceans, barnacles, sea urchins, or fish. The green seaturtle is primarily herbivorous, feeding mainly on sea grasses.


What do Loggerhead turtle eat?

The loggerhead turtle is primarily carnivorous throughout its life. Hatchlings are known to eat jellyfish, snails, crustaceans, insects, and sargassum (an alga), most obtained while the turtle is floating in sargassum mats. Juveniles and adults feed mostly on the bottom and eat sponges, worms, conch and other snails, clams, squid, octopus, barnacles, horseshoe and other crabs, shrimp, sea urchins, fish, and occasionally hatchling seaturtles, algae, and other aquatic plants.

What do Green seaturtle eat?

Although it is assumed that hatchlings and juveniles are primarily carnivorous, few data are available. Adults are well known to be almost completely herbivorous, feeding primarily on several genera of sea grasses as well as on algae. Animal matter, such as sponges, jellyfish, mollusks, crustaceans, sea urchins, and sea squirts, is occasionally ingested, some perhaps secondarily while the turtle feeds on sea grasses. Feeding generally occurs during the day.

What do Kemp’s ridley turtle eat?

Kemp’s ridley turtles are primarily carnivorous throughout life. Although they feed mainly on crabs, these turtles eat jellyfish, comb jellies, snails, clams, squid eggs, shrimp, insects, barnacles, sea urchins, sea cucumbers, fishes, and diamondback terrapins. They occasionally feed on sargassum weed and other algae or aquatic plants.

Snapping turtles

Although snapping turtles are probably carnivorous by preference, they can subsist on diets ranging from completely carnivorous to completely herbivorous. Animal foods include sponges, flatworms (planarians), earthworms, leeches, clams, snails, crustaceans, spiders, insects, amphibians and their eggs and larvae, snakes, other turtles, birds, small mammals, and carrion. Snapping turtles also eat algae, duckweed, and other submergent and emergent aquatic plants and their seeds.


What do Alligator snapping turtle eat?

These turtles are primarily carnivorous. In addition to luring fish with their tongue, they also eat crayfish, crabs, clams, snails, salamanders, turtles, snakes, small alligators, birds, and mammals, as well as plant roots, fruits, and seeds (e.g., grapes and acorns).

Central American river turtles

It is almost completely herbivorous, feeding on fruits (e.g., figs), aquatic grasses, and fallen leaves. Insects, fish, and mollusks are occasionally consumed.

Leatherback seaturtles

Leatherbacks are almost completely carnivorous, preferring oceanic jellyfish. However, they also consume hydrozoans,  snails, bivalves, octopi, squid, amphipod crustaceans, crabs, sea urchins, tunicates, and small fish, as well as algae, kelp, and sea grasses. Unfortunately, plastic bags or balloons dumped in the ocean by humans are often mistaken for jellyfish and, if consumed, can block the gastrointestinal tract, causing the turtle’s death.

New World pond turtles

This family includes species that are strictly herbivorous to those that are strictly carnivorous. Hatchlings of many species are highly carnivorous, but switch to a more omnivorous diet as they mature. Some species have diverse, generalized diets and others are highly specialized. In map turtles (genus Graptemys), the females may develop huge heads with broad palates that enable them to crush large mollusks. Chicken turtles and Blanding’s turtles have independently evolved a long neck with a well-developed hyoid apparatus, an elaborate bony structure that rapidly expands the throat to suck in prey items. This feeding adaptation is frequently found in piscivorous (fish-eating) turtle species.


What do Painted turtle eat?

Omnivorous, feeding upon aquatic vegetation, insects, tadpoles, small fish, and carrion.

What do Diamondback terrapin eat?

This species is highly specialized to feed upon mollusks. The females develop especially large heads with broad jaws forcrushing the shells of marine gastropods. The diet of the smaller males differs from that of the female in that they consume different size classes of gastropods and they may supplement with a variety of aquatic insects.

What do Spotted turtle eat?

The spotted turtle is omnivorous, consuming a variety of animal matter (aquatic and terrestrial insects, worms, slugs, crustaceans, and tadpoles) as well as aquatic grasses and filamentous algae.

What do European pond turtle eat?

The European pond turtle is predominantly carnivorous, consuming aquatic and terrestrial insects, worms, crustaceans, fish, frogs, salamanders, and tadpoles.

What do Eastern box turtle eat?

Omnivorous, feeding on grasses, flowers, berries, insects, and earthworms.

Neotropical wood turtles

This family includes species that are strictly herbivorous to those that are strictly carnivorous, with many omnivorous species as well. Some species have diverse, generalized diets and others have highly specialized diets.


What do Yellow-margined box turtle eat?

These turtles are apparently omnivorous. They are attracted to traps baited with bananas in the field in Taiwan, but they eat
both plant and animal matter in captivity. They are reported to consume worms, insects, snails, and fruit.

What do Chinese stripe-necked turtleeat?

The only detailed study of this turtle’s diet is from Taiwan; this study suggests that significant dietary differences exist between
the sexes. Juveniles of both sexes tend to be carnivorous, eating primarily insects along with plant roots, shoots, and leaves. The males remain primarily carnivorous into adulthood, consuming mainly dipteran (mosquito) larvae and other insects, as well as some plant leaves, seeds, and roots. The females become increasingly herbivorous as they mature, feeding primarily on the leaves of terrestrial plants that grow along riverbanks, but also occasionally eating insects (especially dipteran larvae).

American mud and musk turtles

These turtles are all primarily carnivorous, feeding mainly on mollusks (snails and clams), crustaceans, insects, annelids, and even fish (usually as fresh carrion). Some are highly specialized mollusk feeders and eat little else. However, some  species, especially those with extensive terrestrial habits and those in highly seasonal ponds, include plant material (primarily seeds) in their diets.


What do Yellow mud turtle eat?

This species is decidedly carnivorous, and plant matter found in their stomach was probably only accidentally ingested when foraging for small animals such as snails, clams, insects, crustaceans, earthworms, tadpoles, and fish. They often forage on carrion.

What do White-lipped mud turtle eat?

This mud turtle is omnivorous, eating mollusks, insects, worms, and carrion, but also seeds, fruits, leaves, and stems of plants. It is not known whether they feed out of the water.

African sideneck turtles

These turtles are all primarily carnivorous, feeding mainly on annelids, mollusks, crustaceans, insects, fish, amphibians, and carrion. Some are at least partly herbivorous, eating water lettuce, aquatic grasses, or fruits.


What do Helmeted turtle eat?

These turtles are primarily carnivorous, feeding on earthworms, snails, clams, crustaceans, insects, fishes, frogs and tadpoles, small reptiles, birds, mammals, and carrion of any kind. They have even been observed to attack larger prey, such as birds, as a group, as well as to feed on the ticks on the hide of rhinoceroses when the latter enter waterholes. They also occasionally feed on various parts of aquatic plants and the fruits of terrestrial species.

What do East African serrated mud turtle eat?

This species is primarily carnivorous, feeding on earthworms, snails, insects, ticks (from the hides of wallowing ungulates), fish, frogs, and carrion. They also occasionally feed on aquatic plants, as well as fruits that fall into the water.

what do East African black mud turtle eat?

This species is primarily carnivorous, eating worms, mollusks, insects, crustaceans, fish, amphibians, and carrion. They also occasionally consume aquatic plants, as well as ripe fruit that has fallen into the water.

Big-headed turtles 

This turtle is probably a strict carnivore in the wild, although its feeding habits are known only from captive  studies. It will eat fish, frogs, and invertebrates. Although it surely feeds primarily on stream bottoms, it may also forage terrestrially along stream banks.

Afro-American river turtles

These turtles are primarily herbivorous, consuming mainly the fruits of riparian trees, but also leaves, stems, and grasses. They occasionally eat freshwater sponges, mollusks, crustaceans, insects, and fish.

What do South American river turtle?

This primarily herbivorous species apparently feeds predominantly on the fruits of riparian trees. Leaves and stems are also taken, as are freshwater sponges and occasional insects.

What do Yellow-spotted river turtle?

Primarily herbivorous, this species feeds on the fruits of riparian trees, water hyacinths, and grasses. They also occasionally eat clams and dead fish.

Madagascan big-headed turtle?

These turtles are generally omnivorous, with adult females feeding primarily on the shoots of Phragmites, and the adult males feeding mainly on snails and fish. Juveniles eat both plant and animal material, including insects and crustaceans.

Softshell turtles eat

Most species are primarily carnivorous; however, plant material may occasionally be consumed. The majority of softshell species are generalists; all forms of animal matter (live or as carrion) are taken opportunistically. A few species are highly specialized for ambushing fish and other free-swimming aquatic animals. Adaptations for this mode of prey acquisition are most highly developed in the Asian narrow- headed softshell (Chitra indica); these turtles have small, forward-set eyes and exceptionally long necks that can be thrust from the sandy bottom with explosive speed and deadly accuracy.

 What do Indian flapshell turtle eat?

Like many flap-shelled species, these turtles tend to be omnivorous. Small aquatic animals and carrion make up a large portion of their diet; however, aquatic vegetation is also a common food item.

What do Spiny softshell  eat?

These turtles are predominantly carnivorous, ingesting all available aquatic animals; however, plant material including acorns and leaves is also consumed. In Iowa, crustaceans, fish, and insects were the most important food items, but plant matter was found in 61% of all turtles sampled.

What do Chinese softshell turtle  eat?

This species is primarily carnivorous, ingesting all available aquatic animals, especially fish and crustaceans; however, the seeds of marsh plants are also consumed.

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