Psidium guajava or commonly known as Guava or lemon guava are tropical fruits that are cultivated and enjoyed in tropical and subtropical regions. The fruit is native to Mexico, Central America and northern South Africa. They were first adopted in Asia as a crop. This article will help discuss the types of guavas and its benefits. It will also talk about how the fruit taste.
Get to know about another tropical fruit - papaya at What Does Papaya Taste Like.
The Taste Of The Fruit
A guava fruit is said to taste like a combination between a pear and a strawberry. They act as a really good thirst quencher. The pulp inside may taste sweet or sour depending on the ripeness of the fruit. Some sweet varieties are fragrant and taste like grapefruit and pear together. You know you have picked the perfect guava if it releases a strong sweet, floral and tropical smell when sniffing.
The pulp, rind and seeds of a guava fruit is also edible. The rind may look inedible. It is actually soft and sour-sweet in taste. The seeds are quite hard and can damage your teeth.
Unlike guavas, the whole fruit of gooseberries is edible. Click What Do Gooseberries Taste Like to explore interesting things about these healthy fruit.
The Types Of Guavas Around The World
The term “guava” is derived from Arawak Guayaba or “Guava tree” in Spanish. The term has been adapted in many European and Asian languages. It is called “peru” in western Indian Ocean and “amrood”, a variant of armoot meaning “pear” in Arabic and Turkish languages.
Types Of Guavas:
- Tropical white
- Tropical pink
- Mexican cream
- Red Malaysian
- Lemon Guava
The Fruits And Its Characteristics
The Guava fruit is usually 4 to 12 centimeters or 1.6 to 4.7 inches long. They are round or oval depending on the type of guava. They are similar to a lemon rind but is less sharp and have a pronounced and a typical fragrance. The outer skin may be rough and often with a better taste, or it can also be soft and sweet.
The skin can have different thickness depending on the type of guava. It is usually green before maturity and will become yellow, maroon or green when ripe. The colour or pulp inside may be off white for white guavas or deep pink for red guavas. Depending on the type of guava, the seeds in the pulp vary in number and hardness.
The thickness of a banana depends on what type is it too. We introduce to you a kind of banana at What Does Plantain Taste Like.
The Guavas Preference
The guavas prefer frost-free locations and subtropical climates. The plants prefer to be under the heat of the sun. Like all other plants, they require sunlight for food production.
The soil requirements of the guava plant is wide. They can tolerate different soil conditions. To have a better production, it is best to use soils which are rich in organic matters. The guavas prefer soil in pH levels of 5 to 7. It cannot tolerate salty soils.
Guavas do best with deep watering regularly. Although they can survive dry summers without water, it will result to a delay in bloom and will cause the fruit to drop. So frequent watering is a must to keep guava trees healthy.
Guava seeds germinate in about 2 to 3 weeks from planting, although some can take as long as 8 weeks. Vegetative propagation is practiced widely. The guava tree can also be grown from root cuttings.
5. Pests And Diseases
Guavas will ripen all year long in warmer climates. When it is ready to harvest, the fruit will give off a different aroma and change its colour. It is best to allow the fruit to ripen on the tree. But they can also be pick and allowed to ripen at room temperatures.
These are varieties of guavas that have been produced in cultivation by selective breeding of genes.
Medium to large, roundish fruits weighing up to 8 ounces.
Halemanu, Oahu, Hawaii.
Medium to large, roundish fruit, about 3 inches in diameter.
Riverside, Calif. in the early 1900's
Hong Kong Pink
Medium to large, roundish fruit fruit weighing 6 - 8 ounces.
Poamoho Experimental Farm, Oahu,
Small to medium-small, roundish fruits.
Medium-large, roundish fruit, of strong odor.
Dade County, Fla.
Small, roundish fruit.
Hybrid of the Florida
Sweet White Indonesia
Large, round fruit, 4 inches or more in diameter.
Small to medium-sized, roundish fruit, 2-1/2 to 3 inches in diameter
Seedless, white flesh and good quality.
There are a lot of types of mango too, go to What Does Mango Taste Like to find out.
There are different types of guavas found around the world and called by different terms. Guava is a healthy fruit with an above average national profile. The fruit is a very good thirst quencher. It tastes like a combination of strawberry and a pear. The pulp found inside the fruit may taste sweet or sour depending on the type of guava or the ripeness of the fruit. It is very healthy, so do not hesitate to eat one at every chance you get.