Grass can be found on residential and commercial areas like golf courses, sports fields, parks and recreational areas. They are able to adapt to environments. While most plants grow from the top, grass grows from the bottom and will not die due to grazing. Grazing replaces the lost parts by “pushing up” the surviving parts that have not been damaged.
Grass’ growth depends on the amount of sunlight, water, air temperature and soil received. If any of the variables stated are not suitable with the grass’ type, it will eventually wither and die.
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The growth of grass begins at 5 degree Celsius. An increase in temperature up to 25 degree Celsius also increases the rate of leaves appearing as well as the rate of leaf extension. Leaves will also grow faster in spring than at the same temperature in autumn. This climatic factor influences all plants’ growing processes such as photosynthesis, respiration, transpiration, breaking of seed dormancy, seed germination, protein synthesis and translocation.
At high temperatures, the translocation of photosynthate is faster so that plants tend to mature earlier. Most plants prefer cooler temperatures at night time and warmer temperatures at daytime. Too hot and they may burn, too cold and they will freeze.
It is essential for providing energy through photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is basically the process of making food. Little amount of sunlight can result in slower growth of grass since photosynthesis may not be effective. One of the major differences between plants and animals on earth is the ability of plants to internally manufacture their own food.
Grass need plenty of light in order to grow properly. If they do not get enough light, they will be weak, spindly and have small leaves. Too much light, however, can burn or scorch all its leaves.
The speed of leaf growth is a sensitive indicator of water stress. Water stress occurs when the evaporation of water through the leaves is faster than the rate of the water uptake from the soil. Plants naturally get their water through rainfall, precipitation or the falling of water in droplets on the surface of the Earth from clouds.
Water is used as a way to carry nutrients to the leaves and roots. It is important to keep the soil of the plants moist and avoid getting dry. Too wet soil might cause the plant to drown, and too dry soil can make them dehydrated.
Plants need fresh and clean air. Smoke and gases can be harmful to plants. They prevent them from taking in carbon dioxide, which is used for photosynthesis (making food). Polluted air can also block out the sunlight, which is an essential part of plants’ photosynthesis.
Plant’s leaves and roots need carbon dioxide to produce sugar and starches which are used as food. They also need oxygen to stay healthy in order to perform their jobs in collecting water and nutrients that are needed for the growth.
Plants typically develop by acquiring nutrients from the soil. Their capability to absorb nutrients depends on the soil’s nature. The factors affecting the amount of nutrients available to plants are soil texture and acidity. It is important that the soil must be healthy to provide essential nutrients back to the plant. The soil also serves as the anchor for the roots to support the plant’s whole structure.
Some of the macronutrients in soil that are necessary for plants include nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium and magnesium. Plants use potassium to fight against diseases. Nitrogen is used for creating chlorophyll, while phosphorous makes flowers grow. Gardeners often add these ingredients to the soil by spraying fertilizers.
Space and time are needed for plants to grow adequately. Since water and nutrients are drawn in through their roots, they need enough space for their roots to branch out. Plants growing in small spaces will have their roots crowded, and that results in smaller mature plants. Overcrowding can not only strain available resources but also lead to the spread of diseases from plant to plant.
Finally, they need time, which could be anywhere from a few weeks to a few years to fully grow and spread. Therefore, do not expect plants to grow in an instant. You need to be patient and see how the plant grows and flourishes.
Are you wondering anything about preserving grass seeds? Click Do Grass Seeds Go Bad? Factors Explaining Why.
There are a lot of factors that can affect the growth of grass, but these factors are the most influential. If any of these ingredients is lacking then photosynthesis or food production will stop, causing the plants or grass to wither and eventually die.
Climate change has been affecting the growth of plants and grass. The amount of water, acidity of the soil, temperature is constantly changing leading to changes in plants to be able to adapt themselves to new environments. If plants and animals cannot adapt to these changes, it will eventually die. This proves Charles Darwin’s theory of survival of the fittest.